Native American Curriculum Initiative

Amplifying native voices in the classroom to improve student learning and school culture

Native American Curriculum Initiative

What You Will Find in Native American Curriculum Initiative

 

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Amplifying Native Voices

 

When teachers came to us wondering how to respectfully include indigenous arts in classrooms, we asked our state's sovereign nations, "What would you like the children of Utah to know about your tribe?" The Native American Curriculum Initiative was born. We amplify native voices for individual and collective growth and increased understanding.  As the BYU ARTS Partnership continues to put its mission into action for all children to benefit from an "education that provides for academic excellence, social confidence, and personal expression through the experience with the arts," greater support for teachers and children in the learning and teaching of Native American cultural arts is imperative. It's necessary to create and use authentic, accurate, and relevant cultural arts lessons that teachers can use with confidence if we are to move forward in a way that brings about positive educational change.

 

Guiding Principles

This collaborative work to amplify Native Voices is guided by these principles, or what we call "The NACI Way":

 

  • Embrace partnership and reciprocity.
  • Know your own culture.
  • Ask with genuine intent and listen attentively.
  • Accept "no" gracefully.
  • Use accurate and original sources, in history and the present. 
  • Allow the time needed for authentic growth.
  • Assume goodwill and learn from mistakes. 

Initiative Goals

As Native American materials are incorporated into schools, the goal is that these same principles expand who and what children learn about through the arts. We hope the work of NACI:

  • Inspire culturally responsive teaching;
  • Increase teachers willingness and confidence to address Native American content in the classroom;
  • Provides teachers with accurate, authentic, non-stereotypical, and tribe-approved information about Native American cultures;
  • Supports teachers in integrating NA themed materials to teach other subjects throughout the year;
  • Brings Indigenous tribes/nations into the present; and 
  • Honors native artists as teaching artists and presenters in schools.

 

 

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Partnering with Utah's Tribal Nations

Crucial to this endeavor is establishing a collaborative partnership with tribal nations of Utah in the creation of lessons that align with tribal customs and traditions. The BYU Arts Partnership believes "the greatest impact for change will be accomplished through collaborative efforts involving teachers, schools, districts, departments, and universities," and in this case, tribal nations. Providing arts-integrated lesson plans, an artist roster, and other resources in partnership with and approved by tribes will add validity and another layer of confidence and support for teachers and children.

 

Native American Lesson Plans

 

The lesson plans developed as part of the Native American Curriculum Initiative allow teachers to:

  1. Integrate Native American Perspectives when teaching core subjects
  2. Feel confident using tribe-approved materials
  3. Use the arts as a culturally responsive pedagogy.

Using the arts to learn about Native Americans inspires a community-centered classroom. Our arts-integrated lesson plans include opportunities to experience Native cultural arts as well as learning activities where the arts are used as a method of understanding Native culture and history.

Native Teaching Artists in the Classroom

Contemporary Native artists demonstrate the significant contributions of Native peoples' who exist in the past as well as the present through their performances, demonstrations, and lectures. Native American Teaching Artists are one of the best resources for your classroom when seeking to provide accurate and authentic voices in your students' learning experiences. Our initiative can connect you to these individuals through our partnership with the Utah Division of Arts and Museums.

 

Bring an artist to your classroom!

 

The Utah Division of Arts and Museums (UDAM) has curated a Native American Teaching Artist Roster that lists Native Artists that you can invite to your classroom. Use the link below to peruse the list of artists. Next, talk with your principal, District Arts Coordinator, or school arts team about funding to appropriately compensate these artists for the time, knowledge, and expertise. 

 

If you need further assistance you can write a grant to UDAM to help you secure funding for the artist. Bringing an artist to the classroom is a great way to amplify the authentic voices of Native Americans in your learning space. 

Learn more about the Teaching Artist Roster here.

 

View the Native Artist Roster Button

 

 


Alan Groves

Northern Ute/Hopi Tribe

Alan Groves

Beadwork/Quillwork Artist
@al_groves
@turtle_island_art_collective
 

Though his artistic expression began through drawing and painting, Indigenous artist and high school teacher Alan Groves has mastered traditional Native American arts. He uses hand-dyed porcupine quills and seed beads to create bracelets, necklaces, beaded feathers, moccasins, medicine pouches, and more in his indigenous artwork. He earned a Master's Degree from Brigham Young University and also works as a teacher coach in his school community. Alan makes and sells jewelry as well as pow wow regalia for his family's personal use in their cultural practice.

Available for: Art workshops (children and adult) with Native American groups, Secondary education cultural training and Native American curriculum integration.

 

Photo: Samuel Jake @samueljjake

 

Patrick Willie

Navajo Tribe

Patrick Willie

Hoop Dancer
@patrickisanavajo
@turtle_island_art_collective
@nativesreact
A Navajo from Orem, Utah, Patrick is a celebrated Hoop Dancer. A digital and in-person Native cultural ambassador and UVU math major, Patrick travels around Utah County on his bike, performing the Hoop Dance at schools and teaching youth about Native culture. He learned how to hoop dance at age eight; since then, he has embraced the life-changing process of learning and sharing his cultural identity. As his learning deepened, he found himself asking, "How would my ancestors, my elders, respond to this situation?"  His connection to his heritage has shaped him into a more optimistic, open-minded person: "We all belong to the same world, so we should treat each other that way." Patrick embraces the wide reach of technology as a way to preserve, share, and celebrate his Native culture, teachings, and language.

 

Photo: Samuel Jake @samueljjake

Read more here

 

Michele Reyes

Navajo/Dine Tribe

Michele Reyes

Seint Artist
@themichelereyes
@eighth_generation
 

Michele Reyes, a mother of seven children, creates beautiful woven rugs by combining traditional Navajo patterns with some of her own style. Michele learned to weave as teenager from her grandmother, but after losing her left arm in a car accident, she gave it up. When she received a loom later in life she was determined to figure out a way to make it work and she began to weave again. Now, along with her husband Kyle, she is the owner and operator of Three Canoes Design. She connects with her culture by weaving and making regalia for her family.

Published Articles & Blog Posts


 

Opinion Editorials

 

 

Bear River Massacre Memorial

The Salt Lake Tribune: Reclaiming the Bear River narrative by Brenda Beyal and Heather Sundahl

 

Two native women standing in a field

Deseret News: Meet 3 little-known Utah women who've changed our state for good by Brenda Beyal and Heather Sundahl

 

Navajo Code Talkers

Desert News: Navajo Code Talkers Should be remembered for more the WWII by Brenda Beyal and Heather Sundahl



Native American Children's Books

 

One evolving aspect of the BYU ARTS Partnership Native American Curriculum Initiative is the journey of helping classroom teachers choose culturally accurate and authentic literature. As more Native American authors write from an authentic voice and position, the time has come to replace many Native American theme books used in classrooms for more affirming authentic literature.

 

We have several resources to share to help teachers on their journey selecting books for the classroom:

1) the Native American Indian Literacy Project,

2) a handout on evaluating accurate and authentic resources,

3) a description of the three-part process we have created to help teachers evaluate children's books  

4) a list of our favorite books, good books, and books we have set aside.

 

Native American Indian Literacy Project 

The Native American Literacy Project seeks to bring Native stories into the classroom through the creation of print and digital booklets. Six of the eight Tribal Sovereign Nations in Utah are represented in the project: Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah, Northwestern Band of the Shoshone Nation, Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Navajo Nation, and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe. Each of these tribes contributed five traditional stories that are meant to both entertain and teach readers. This project was generated through funding from a private grant.

 

The full set of 30 booklets, measuring 5.5" x 8.5" each, were illustrated by tribal members. The booklets were formatted to be printed and assembled. This means that they do not read well when using a projector or smartboard because the pages will appear out of order. If a teacher did want to use the books in an electronic format, they would be best off screenshotting the pages and arranging them in a slide presentation.  Many of these stories are Coyote stories that should only be told during the winter months. 

 

Click here to see the list and links to the book titles included in this project. 

 

Evaluating Accurate and Authentic Resources for the Classroom

This handout can guide educators as they seek to select the most culturally sensitive and culturally appropriate lesson plans, books, videos, and print materials to use in their classroom. The handout includes an overarching strategy for this research process as well as specific suggestions for recognizing authentic and accurate sources including understanding an author/creator's connection to a tribe and the degree of specificity used in the resource.

Click here to access the "Evaluating Culturally Responsive Resources for Native American Curriculum" handout.

 

Three-Part Process for Evaluating Culturally Responsive Books About Native Americans

Our three-part process for vetting children's books related to Native American culture, history, or people is described below.

  1. Look at the cover of the book paying attention to the author and illustrator, read the inside flaps of book covers, the foreword and notes.
  2. Digest the book's words and illustrations.
  3. Consider how the book will enrich your students' understanding of Native indigenous cultures.

 

1. Look at the author and illustrator, including the inside flaps of book covers

  • Who is the author? Illustrator? What is their background and experience?
  • What is their connection to the tribe?
  • What position are they speaking from?
  • What is the purpose for writing the book? 
  • Can you recognize the attempt at authenticity and accuracy? 
  • Is the research explained or stated? 

2. Digest the book's words and illustrations looking for tribe specific representation. 

  • As you are looking and reading, use your personal knowledge to look for accuracy and authenticity.  
  • Watch for stereotypes and homogenization (clumping tribes into one).
  • If you find yourself with questions, do some quality research!  
  • Consider the setting and watch for oversimplification in describing characters. 
  • Be cautious of descriptions of ceremonies and the use of deity in the culture in a casual manner. Always do your research!

3. Consider how the book will enrich your students’ understanding of Native indigenous cultures.

  • Is the book specific enough to provide understanding? Vague references will only confuse the reader. 
  • Does it bring Native Americans into the present? 
  • Joseph Bruchac, Abenaki author cautions against "The Dances with Wolves Syndrome" – books in which all Indians are noble and all white people are bad. Any children's book that builds up one culture at the expense of another ultimately keeps racial tension alive.

Our Native American Themed Book Recommendations

We are happy to share our list of book recommendations with you! We are also happy to share our thoughts about the books we believe are good, but not the best, and the books we've loved for years, but have put to rest. This list represents our opinions and experience and represents no absolute answers for teachers asking what they should or shouldn't read to their students. Again, we ask teachers to go broad and dive deep on their own journey to determine what would be best to use to enrich their students' understandings of and respect for Native Americans.

 

Click here to see our list of book recommendations.

 

Join Us 

Add your name to our mailing list to receive a quarterly update on the latest lesson plans, resources, and events related to the Native American Curriculum Initiative. Thank you for joining us in our efforts to amplify native voices in the classroom. 
 

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